About the Book: This book, the second of a three-volume edition of papers by experts from over 20 countries, makes available the results of 19 studies on fear of crime and punitiveness in Western and Eastern Europe, South America, Japan and South Africa. In Part One, the relationships between insecurity, politics and the media are illustrated, and the influence exercised on crime policy by public opinion and media reporting is analyzed. Part Two shows that the results obtained when assessing feelings of insecurity and punitive attitudes depend to a great extent on the methodology used. The concept of punitiveness is a complex one, and the crucial question is to determine what should be measured, and how it should be measured. The reader will find here the results of surveys from Poland, Greece, Spain, Estonia, Costa Rica, Serbia and Croatia. Part Three offers studies of the development of criminal legislation in Turkey, Japan, Russia, France and South Africa. These show a common tendency toward more punitive legislations, especially for serious crimes. CONTENT: Kury, Helmut & Shea, Evelyn: Punitivity and Insecurity – An Introduction ; II.1. Insecurity, Politics and the Media: Larrauri, Elena & Varona, Daniel: Democracy at Work? Public Opinion and Penal Reforms in Spain Fortete, César & Cesano, José Daniel: The Role of Victimization, Punitive Attitudes and the Mass Media in Criminal Reforms in Latin America Mucchielli, Laurent: The Rise and Domination of the Law-and-Order Ideology in France (1990 – 2010): Some of its Consequences on the Criminal Justice System and on Social Control; Mosconi, Giuseppe: The Spectre of Insecurity and the “Prospering” of Prisons; Recasens, Amadeu: The Development of Punitiveness: The Case of the Police. II.2. Measuring Feelings of Insecurity and Punitive Attitudes: Kury, Helmut & Obergfell-Fuchs, Joachim: Punitiveness – How to measure it – The Effect of Punishment; Klaus, Witold, Rzeplińska, Irena & Woźniakowska-Fajst, Dagmara: Punitivity in Polish Law, Public Opinion, and Penal Policy; Zarafonitou, Christina: Punitiveness, Fear of Crime and Social Views; Varona Gómez, Daniel: Citizens and Punitive Attitudes: A pilot study of Spanish university students; Llobet Rodríguez, Javier: Punitiveness in Costa Rica; Saar, Jüri : 20 Years After: Crime, Crime Control and Fear of Crime of the Population in Estonia 1991 – 2010; Bacanović, Oliver & Jovanova, Natasha: Punitiveness in the Republic of Macedonia; Nikolić-Ristanović, Vesna, Dimitrijević, Jelena & Stevković, Ljiljana: Feelings of Insecurity, Victimization Experience, and Student’s Attitudes toward Punishment ; Rozum, J., Kotulan, Petr & Tomasek, Jan: The Effectiveness of Parole in the Czeck Republic; Kovčo Vukadin, Irma & Vukosav, Joško: Students’ Attitudes towards Risk, Victimization and Punishment in Croatia. II.3. Has Criminal Legislation become more punitive? Yenisey, Feridun: Revised Punishments and Security Measures in Turkey; Yoshida, Toshio: Punitivity Today in Japan; Shestakov, Dmitrij A. & A. P. Danilov: Criminal Law and Punitivity in Modern Russia; Tournier, Pierre V:. Godot has arrived. French Parliament has finally voted on its Prison Law; Prinsloo, Johan: Punishment in South and Southern Africa.
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